Finland - Statistics & Facts

The Republic of Finland is a country located in Northern Europe, bordering three countries: Norway, Sweden and Russia. Finland was under Swedish rule from the 12th to the 19th century, and became an autonomous grand dutchy of Russia in 1809, from which it finally gained its independence in 1917.

Nowadays, Finland is a parliamentary republic, divided into 19 administrative regions. Finnish is the official language, spoken by around 90 percent of the country’s population. Besides Finnish, Swedish also holds the status of an official language here, and is spoken by roughly 5.3 percent of Finland’s inhabitants.

Despite its large area, the country’s population figures are quite low, registering only about 5.5 million inhabitants - a number comparable to Norway, for example. Population estimations project a very slight increase until the year 2020. Finland's capital and largest city, Helsinki, is estimated to be home to around 635,000 people. Despite the fact that Finland’s population has slowly grown over the last years, its fertility rate decreased in the last couple of years: In 2015, it amounted to 1.71 children per woman, compared to 1.87 children five years prior. However, life expectancy at birth in Finland showed a growth trend as well: In 2015, the state recorded the highest life expectancy in the last 10 years.

Finland is a good country to live in, and due to the country’s economical stability, Finland registered an estimated 2.76 percent growth of GDP in 2017, after a slump in 2012. It also boasts a high employment rate and an extremely low inflation rate. The services sector accounts for roughly three quarters of the country’s workforce, whereas the industry sector only accounts for around 22 percent. Finland's most important trade partner for export and import is Germany.

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