Hate crime in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

“Our father brought forth, on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal”. More than 150 years on from Abraham Lincoln’s now immortal Gettysburg Address, America has witnessed countless people dedicated to that proposition. But in the nation that gave rise to Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Harvey Milk, and modern incarnations like Janet Mock or Laverne Cox, discrimination persists. Unfortunately, the motivations for hate are as diverse as the people who form the racial, religious, and mixed-gender melting pot that is the United States of America.

When these motivations lead to action from those wielding hate, the result is hate crime. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines a hate crime as “criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, or gender identity.” In 2019, there were 4,930 victims of race-based hate crime in the United States, which were committed by about 3,550 different offenders.

The most prominent form of hate crime in the United States is anti-Black or African American hate crime. The reasons for this cultural prominence are two-fold. Firstly, the importance of the Black civil rights movement of the 20th century in many ways laid the foundation for civil rights movements across the United States. Secondly, the statistics show that an America free from racial discrimination remains a distinct possibility. Black or African Americans were the racial group most heavily victimized by hate crimes in 2019, with 2,391 victims compared to White Americans in second place at 775. These crimes included intimidation, varying degrees of assault, and destruction of property.

The rise of advocacy for minorities has also coincided with a rise in so-called White nationalism. Those associated with White supremacist or White nationalist groups were responsible for 53 percent of all extremist-related fatalities in 2020. In a survey conducted that same year, more than a third of respondents reported that White nationalism is a very serious threat to the United States. Even more concerning is the belief that the movement consists of more than just a minority of extremists and sympathizers. According to the same survey, 42 percent of respondents believed that former President Donald Trump personally supported the White nationalism movement.

Religious identity is another major motivation for hate crimes in the United States. Jews were the most victimized religious group, in 2019, and around 33 Jewish juveniles falling victim to hate crimes in 2019. In a concerning historical trend stretching beyond America, the destruction, damage, and/or vandalism of Jewish properties was the most common form of anti-Jewish hate crimes in 2019.

Finally, hate crimes are also directed at people due to their sexual orientation, gender, or gender identity. Attacks against gay men were the most commonly recorded anti-LGBTQ+ hate crime in 2019 with 746 incidents. That said, the prominence of the gay community does not distract from other smaller communities. 175 transgender people were targeted by hate crimes, as were 52 gender non-conforming people. Moreover, it is disconcerting that 336 anti-LGBTQ+ hate crimes occurred at a residence, suggesting some members of the community are not even provided safety in their own home.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "Hate crime in the United States".

Hate crime in the United States

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!

Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Hate crime in the United States" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Racially motivated hate crime

Religiously motivated hate crime

Sexual-orientation, gender and gender identity motivated hate crime

White nationalists/extremists/supremacists


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