Highest murder rates in Latin AmericaThe highest murder rates in the world are found in Latin America. Of the 10 countries with the highest murder rates in 2021, seven were found in Latin America, the other three being in Africa. El Salvador, the country with the highest homicide rate globally, had a ,murder rate of 52 per 100,000 inhabitants. By comparison, Iceland, the country with the lowest murder rate, had a murder rate of only 1.1 per 100,000 inhabitants. Also the most dangerous cities in the world are mostly found in Latin America. The list was dominated by cities in Latin and Central America with a few cities from the United States and South Africa in between. Tijuana in Mexico had the highest murder rate in 2021 at 138, followed by Acapulco, also in Mexico. Outside of Latin America, Cape Town in South Africa had the highest rate, whereas St. Louis in the United States had the 14th highest global murder rate.
However, these numbers do not include victims killed in violent conflict or war. For instance, people living in Pakistan had the highest risk of becoming victims of a genocide in 2021, followed by neighboring India. A high number of countries on the list are found in Africa. That year, there were 20 ongoing wars in the world, 16 of these being fought in Sub-Saharan Africa.