Agricultural sector in Japan - Statistics & Facts

Agriculture, forestry and fishing was an integral part of the Japanese economy until the first half of the last century. While the agricultural sector still functioned as the largest employer during the post-war years, the number of commercial farm households and the number of individuals working within the agricultural industry are rapidly declining in present-day Japan. One determining factor in the decline of the agricultural sector is the shortage of farmland in Japan, with more and more land being used for housing.

However, Japanese farmland is highly cultivated: crop production, with a traditional focus on rice production, showed some minor fluctuations, while the value of livestock production even indicated a visible growth in recent years.

The Japanese archipelago consists of highly forested and mountainous islands, with the habitable zones centered around coastal areas. Despite Japan being densely forested, the forestry sector and the lumber industry are not well developed. Forestry in Japan is often run as a side-business of establishments and individuals active in the agricultural sector.

As Japan is an island nation surrounded by oceans, people have traditionally taken advantage of the abundant supply of seafood. More than 2,000 fishing ports are operated across the country, with Japanese marine fisheries showing the highest production output within the sector, closely followed by marine aquacultures. Inland water fisheries and aquacultures are comparatively minor sub-sectors of the fishing industry, focusing on the production of shellfishes and eels.

With the help of new technological advancements, ICT solutions in agriculture, such as precision farming or next-generation fish farming, promise enhancements in agricultural and rural developments, including rising revenues within the domestic smart agriculture market in Japan.

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Agriculture industry in Japan

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