Much of the success of the MaaS industry goes hand in hand with the emergence of accompanying technologies. Autonomous vehicle technology is expected to be a major influence over car service industries, as driverless vehicles will likely become increasingly affordable and usable even for those consumers who do not hold a valid license or are otherwise unfit to drive. Furthermore, integrated journey planning application technology will make it easier and more convenient for customers to map out trips through and between cities. It is expected that connectivity beyond the last mile will be accomplished by using different modes of transportation, such as road and rail transport. The aim is to provide customers with the most convenient and customized services so they may choose the method and means that best fit their budget and travel time constraints.