Islam in the United Kingdom (UK) - Statistics & Facts

Like most major European countries, the United Kingdom has a significant Muslim population living within its borders. With the number of Muslims in Europe predicted to increase significantly in the near future, the UK's share of Muslims in the population could rise from 6.3 percent in 2016 to 17.2 percent by 2050. This can be partly attributed to the fact that the UK Muslim population is quite a young demographic, which is also true of the wider Muslim population of Europe.

Inside the United Kingdom, the Muslim community is not evenly distributed across the country with most living in major urban centers such as London, Birmingham or Manchester. Other settlements in England such as Bradford, Oldham and Bolton also have quite large Muslim populations in relation to their relatively small size. The location of the UK’s biggest mosques by capacity reflects this. Four of the twenty largest mosques are in Bradford, including the Al-Jamia-Suffa-Tul-Islam Grand Mosque, which holds 8,000 people. Of the UK's mosques, 797 were associated with the Deobandi movement in 2017, making it the most numerous “theme” for Britain’s mosques.

While attitudes towards British Muslims are generally positive in the United Kingdom, young people aged 18-24 are the most likely age group to have a better impression of Muslims. Women are also slightly more likely than men to indicate they have a positive view towards Muslims. Scotland has the highest proportion of people who have good opinions about Muslims, followed by the UK capital, London.

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Islam in the United Kingdom (UK)

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Mosques