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Islam in the UK - Statistics & Facts

Like most major European countries, the United Kingdom has a significant Muslim population living within its borders. With the number of Muslims in Europe predicted to increase significantly in the near future, the UK's share of Muslims in the population could rise from 6.3 percent in 2016 to 17.2 percent by 2050. This can be partly attributed to the fact that the UK Muslim population is quite a young demographic, which is also true of the wider Muslim population of Europe.

Characteristics of British Muslims

Inside the United Kingdom, the Muslim community is not evenly distributed across the country with most living in major urban centers such as London, Birmingham or Manchester. Other settlements in England such as Bradford and Oldham also have quite large Muslim populations in relation to their relatively small size. The location of the UK’s biggest mosques by capacity reflects this. Four of the twenty largest mosques are in Bradford, including the Al-Jamia-Suffa-Tul-Islam Grand Mosque, which holds 8,000 people. Of the UK's mosques, 797 were associated with the Deobandi movement in 2017, making it the most numerous “theme” for Britain’s mosques. As of 2018, the employment rate for Muslim in England and Wales was estimated to be 55.4 percent, with the most common sector for employment being in distribution, hotels and restaurants.

Islamophobia and discrimination

According to hate crime statistics collected by the UK Home Office, Muslim were the most common victims of religious hate crime, with over three thousand Islamophobic hate crime incidents taking place in England and Wales. Many of these incidents took place in London, which saw Islamophobic hate crime increase from 346 incidents in 2012/13, to 1.66 thousand by 2017/18. While attitudes towards British Muslims are generally positive in the United Kingdom, young people aged 18-24 are the most likely age group to have a better impression of Muslims. Women are also slightly more likely than men to indicate they have a positive view towards Muslims. Scotland has the highest proportion of people who have good opinions about Muslims, followed by the UK capital, London.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 25 most important statistics relating to "Islam in the UK".

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