One of the most important applications for liability insurance is in the practice of medicine. Doctors and surgeons make decisions that involve life and death probably more often than any other profession. In 2017, the direct losses of medical professional liability insurance amounted to 4.53 billion U.S. dollars in the United States and Canada. Berkshire Hathaway Group is the leading medical professional liability insurance company in North America, with over one billion U.S. dollars in direct premiums.
Another form of liability insurance involves product liability, which as the name suggests, protects a manufacturer from liability in case their product is harmful in some way. The value of net premiums written by product liability insurance in the United States amounted to 2.42 trillion U.S. dollars in 2016, down from 2.8 trillion the year before. The majority of product liability insurance claims worldwide are from automotive or industrial suppliers, followed by food and beverage industries. Automotive and industrial recall claims also make up a 71 percent share of the value of claims for the product recall insurance market.