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Cardiovascular disease in the United Kingdom (UK) - Statistics & Facts

Cardiovascular disease refers to diseases that affect the heart and circulatory system, it is an illness that afflicts many individuals in the United Kingdom. In 2019/20, there were over 1.8 inpatient episodes with a main diagnosis of circulatory system disease in the United Kingdom. Almost 480 thousand diagnoses in 2019/20 were for coronary heart disease, also known as ischemic heart disease. The mortality rate from cardiovascular disease in the UK in 2019 was 255 deaths per 100,000 population, in that year Scotland had the highest death rate of the devolved nations with 326 deaths per 100,000 people. Furthermore, Scotland also has the highest mortality frequency for coronary heart disease, with 134 deaths compared to the UK average of 108 per 100,000 population.

The condition of hypertension, otherwise recognized as high blood pressure, is also connected to cardiovascular disease. According to the data, approximately 14 percent of the population had high blood pressure in the United Kingdom in 2016, a rise in sufferers from 2006. An increase in bodyweight amplifies the risk of suffering from high blood pressure. In 2018/19 there were approximately 14.2 thousand coronary artery bypass surgeries in the United Kingdom, a typical treatment for coronary heart disease and one that lowers the risks of a heart attack. The average cost of a heart bypass on the NHS in 2016 was almost 8.5 thousand British pounds. As well as surgery, there were almost 73 thousand prescriptions for antihypertensive and heart failure drugs to treat cardiovascular disease in England.

The lifestyle choices of individuals in the United Kingdom are also important in the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. In England in 2019, there were over 775 thousand hospital admissions for circulatory disease which were caused by smoking. While in Scotland, over a quarter of adults aged 16 to 24 years have AUDIT scores for alcohol consumption which indicated hazardous drinking. AUDIT stands for Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, and is a common method for evaluating excessive drinking. Although among adults who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular conditions in the United Kingdom, almost half of them exercise on a regular basis.


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