Mining industry in Saudi Arabia - Statistics & Facts

The mining and quarrying industry is the main revenue generator of the Saudi Arabian economy. Mineral oil and its products are by far the leading export from Saudi Arabia. This is closely followed by other mining products such as metals and inorganic chemicals as well as precious and basic metals.

As of 2018, the leading mining companies worldwide had a combined revenue of 683 billion U.S. dollars. The combined export value of non-mineral oil mining products from Saudi Arabia was around 75.5 billion Saudi riyal.

The leading non-mineral mining products of Saudi Arabia can be broken down into these three categories:

Metals Important metals from Saudi Arabia are steel, precious metals like gold and silver, as well as zinc, copper and aluminum. The Gulf region is beside China the leading region for aluminum recovery. Saudi Arabia produced 940 thousand metric tons of aluminum, in third position in the region right behind the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain.
In 2017, gold production in Saudi Arabia was 7.6 metric tons. At the same time, the domestic gold jeweler consumption in Saudi Arabia was 9.3 metric tons.

Minerals Leading minerals recovered from Saudi Arabia are limestone for cement with 62 million metric tons a year, followed by cement with 62 million metric tons and clay 7.6 million metric tons.

Sand and stones Saudi Arabia produces about 330 million metric tons of gravel, followed by 32 million tons of sand.

The operating revenue of fabricated metals in Saudi Arabia was 8.6 billion U.S. dollars, compared to 8.8 billion from base metals. The mining sector of Saudi Arabia created about 250 thousand jobs. Metal sector employment accounted for roughly 50.8 percent of the mineral value chains to the Saudi Arabian economy, followed by 54.2 percent employment in the mineral products sector and four percent in the mining sector.

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Saudi Arabia mining industry

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