More than 13 thousand passenger trains were in operation employing over 1.2 million Indians, and they got named based on their everyday operations. Duronto ‘the restless’, was one of the fastest trains in the country, Rajdhani ‘the capital’ connected state capitals and the national capital region of Delhi, while the Garib Rath ‘the poor man’s chariot’, was an economical alternative for long distance travel. Trains were essential to all Indians, regardless of whether they were cross-region, between cities or within a metropolis. Ordinary working expenses in financial year 2020 for the system amounted to more than 1.5 trillion Indian rupees.
The Gorakhpur Junction railway station had the world’s longest railway platform while the Ghum station with the Toy Train route was the highest station in India to be reached by a steam locomotive. The luxury train, Palace on Wheels became a major tourist attraction in Rajasthan due to its majestic experience. However, ageing infrastructure and the slow pace of new project execution were the major obstacles that India’s railway system encountered, comparing to its international counterparts.
With ‘Make in India’ as a catalyst in recent years, exports of a variety of railway components rose to about 240 million U.S. dollars in value. In 2017, a consignment of six metro coaches was exported to Australia. The southernmost continent also had the highest share in HS Code 86 exports from India. A big consignment of bogies was also ready to set sail to Brazil.
The system thrives on metros and monorails running within cities, raising investments of over 124 million dollars between 2018 to 2022. With developments of online ticketing system, free Wi-Fi, GPS-based passenger information, panoramic roofs and electrification, the Indian railways are set to provide high speed travel and a customer-oriented experience.