In Canada, the responsibility for many airport security measures falls to the Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA), a Crown corporation created in 2002 which is fully accountable to the Canadian Parliament. In particular, CATSA is responsible for security screening of passengers, baggage and non-passenger personnel permitted to enter restricted areas of Canadian airports. A majority of travelers seem to hold a positive opinion of CATSA’s efforts in this regard, with 80 percent of those surveyed in 2018 expressing a high level of confidence in security screening at Canadian airports. However there is a significant price tag attached, with capital expenditure on screening devices along reaching over 100 million Canadian dollars in 2018.
Regarding aircraft accidents, at the regional level North America had the second-highest number of commercial airline accidents in 2018. However, the accident rate in North America is below the global average, with these high numbers being a reflection of the size of the commercial air travel market in the region. These figures apply only to commercial transportation though; when accident figures are expanded to include other forms of flying, such as business travel or private flights, the numbers increase greatly, with the number of accidents in Canada alone being higher than the number of commercial airline accidents in North America as a whole. Sadly, these accidents have resulted in a number of fatalities. This discrepancy in accident figures demonstrates that flying is still an inherently dangerous activity, but that the safety measures put in place for commercial travel are effective, making commercial air travel a highly safe form of transportation.