Widely promoting battery electric vehicles (BEVs)In China, sometimes the word "electric vehicles" is used interchangeably with "new energy vehicles" or "alternative energy vehicles", with the only exception being the exclusion of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) have been more popular than plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), with their respective sales volumes of 2.9 million and 600,000 units in the year 2021. During the year, BEV’s market share in China soared to 10.9 percent, and such a figure is expected to further increase in the coming years. The reason for the widespread promotion of BEVs in China is that driving BEVs allows independence from oil consumption, emits zero CO2, and produces very little noise. In addition, China's expanding EV charging infrastructure adds to the allure of BEVs. By 2021, the number of public and private EV charging piles in China reached nearly 1.2 million and 1.5 million, respectively.
Yet, BEVs have a relatively short driving range compared to PHEVs due to the limited energy storage capacity of the batteries. But this does not largely constrain Chinese consumers from buying them. During an online customer survey conducted in October 2021, Chinese consumers considered purchasing a BEV with a driving range of 258 miles, while participants from the United States expected at least 518 miles.