A young demographicThe Philippines has a young population, with about 64 percent of people between the ages of 15 and 64 years. Meanwhile, over 30 percent are between zero to 14 years old. In 2019, the mean age of male household members was 37.68 years while female members had a mean age of 44.2 years. The country’s young people were seen to significantly contribute to the economic recovery after experiencing prolonged COVID-19-related lockdowns.
Urbanization and migrationDespite the slow growth, the country’s population density remains among the highest in the region. However, the distribution of people was uneven as more Filipinos chose to live in urban areas where work opportunities remain abundant. As of May 2020, the regions of CALABARZON and the National Capital Region (NCR) accounted for the highest number of inhabitants nationwide. This, in turn, created an income disparity among major capitals. In addition, the country saw a growing slum community that has been an ongoing societal issue in major urban cities.
The slum areas in the Philippines have contributed to the global share of the slum population in Southeast Asia. Although the share of the urban population living in the slums fluctuated, the lack of affordable housing and economic inequality continued to challenge the living conditions and the quality of life of those who can only afford to squat in slums.
In terms of migration, the country has developed an emigration culture, where one out of five Filipinos expressed desires to move abroad. The government also relies on this emigration culture and has positioned the country as the leading labor exporter in the Asia-Pacific region.