What makes up the Philippines’ demographics?In the Philippines, most of the population lives in urban areas, while the rest reside in rural areas. Since urban areas provide more work opportunities, especially for regions such as the National Capital Region (NCR), Davao region, and the Central Luzon, this has resulted from people looking out for greener pastures in these areas and an income disparity among major capitals nationwide. In addition, the country saw an increasing slum community that has been an ongoing societal issue in major urban cities in the National Capital Region (NCR).
The slum areas in the Philippines have contributed to the global share of the slum population in South East Asia. Although the share of the urban population living in the slums has gradually declined, this issue has mainly stemmed from the lack of affordable housing, despite the gradual decline of underpaid workers in recent years. In terms of migration, the country has developed an emigration culture, with one out of five Filipinos expressing their wishes to move abroad. The government also relies on this emigration culture and has positioned the country as the leading labor exporter from Asia-Pacific.