Demographics in the Philippines

The Philippines is one of the most populated countries in South East Asia, second to Indonesia. The country’s high population is a result of high fertility rates, partially because of the society’s deep Catholic beliefs. However, the country’s population growth rate is gradually slowing down due to a decline in fertility rate in recent years, resulting from an aggressive population control policy driven by the government.

In the Philippines, slightly more than half of the population live in urban areas while the rest reside in rural areas. Since the urban areas are large, especially for regions such as CALABARZON, the Davao region, and the Central Luzon, it has pulled people from the rural areas to look for jobs which brought about large income disparity in cities. As a result, led to increasing slum communities, being perceived now as an ongoing issue in the Philippines. The slum areas contribute to the global share of the slum population in South East Asia. Although the share of the urban population living in the slums has gradually declined, this issue has mainly stemmed from the lack of affordable housing, despite the gradual decline of underpaid workers in recent years.

In terms of migration, the country has developed an emigration culture with one out of five Filipinos expressing their wishes to move abroad. The government also relies on this emigration culture and has positioned the country as a labor exporter.

Urbanization within different regions, specifically in rural areas are facing disrupted improvement due to the topographical form of the country. The lack of proper infrastructure affects the trade and the overall development of urbanization policies. With successful urbanization comes job generation, growth in the education sector and total welfare improvement. Nevertheless, the Philippines has slowly picked up its urbanization in the past years which has fought the poverty rise in the country. As of 2018, the number of millionaires in the Philippines was approximately 24.2 thousand and by 2023, it is forecasted that there would be around 32.4 millionaires in the country.

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Demographics in the Philippines

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Wage rates in palay farms in 2018 by region

Adolescent fertility rate


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