Health sector in the Philippines

In a country like the Philippines where the population is increasing year on year, expenditures on human health saw an increase over the last five years, which was valued for approximately 766.9 billion Philippine pesos in 2018. The industry that caters to human health care and services aimed to sustain better health care coverage for the community. As of 2018, the Philippines' national health insurance program has covered 98 percent of the population. Reforms on covering human health care and services on a broader scope reaching more people have pushed for the implementation of a Universal Health Care (UHC) mandate, which automatically enrolls all Filipino citizens under the program.

Health facilities in the Philippines include government hospitals, private hospitals, and primary medical facilities. About 40 percent of hospitals in the country are government-owned, while 60 percent are privately-owned. The health financing involves different layers of a system comprising financial sources, regulatory bodies, and health service providers. Its sources are the national and local government, insurance providers, user fees, out-of-pocket financing, and donors. Health premium contributions as one of its monetary source fuel the medical infrastructure. In 2019, the total value of premium contributions of members of PhilHealth insurance was approximately 146.4 billion Philippine pesos.

In 2017, the Philippines ranked 9th among the Asia-Pacific region, where 13.3 percent of the population were undernourished. Undernutrition is a health condition when someone has low weight for their height, low height for their age, and underweight for their age. It is one of the basic forms of malnutrition. Between the lower age group of one to four years old, malnutrition was one of the leading causes of death, impacting 302 children.

Of the older age group, diseases of the heart were the leading cause of death, and its mortality rate was 80.2 per 100,000 people. An unhealthy lifestyle, such as drinking alcohol and smoking poses more health risks for a person. In 2019, 29.7 percent of men and 8.6 percent of women among the ageing population in the Philippines were smokers. Further, 49.4 percent of men and 14.8 percent of women were alcohol drinkers.

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Health sector in the Philippines

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Known diseases

Causes of morbidity in the National Capital Region in 2017


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