Increasing demand for air travel and transport during the 1900s led to the establishment of first airports to facilitate the landing of an aircraft, enplanement for passengers and loading of cargo. In Europe, the first commercial airport opened in Hamburg in 1911. Since then many more airports across European cities were built to advance the aviation industry and economy. In 2019,
the number of passengers traveling by air in the European Union (EU-28) stood at over 1.1 billion. Over 226.7 million passengers traveled by air in Germany, making it the third-largest market after the United Kingdom and Spain.
A decade of growth wiped out by the coronavirus pandemic
Since 2010, the global air traffic passenger demand has been increasing steadily with at least four percent per year. During the same period, European passenger traffic experienced an even higher development trend. Although one observes a steady positive growth path over the recent years, the aviation industry is not exempt from the influence of economic shocks. The recent health crisis, namely the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, led to a deep economic shock that affected the aviation industry severely. After losing 44.3 billion U.S. dollars in 2020, European airports are estimated to have further 37.5 billion U.S. dollars loss in revenue, while European airlines are estimated to record a net profit loss of almost 22.2 billion U.S. dollars in 2021.
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In the following 3 chapters, you will quickly find the 27 most important statistics relating to "European airports".