Around 59.3 million people lived within the borders of South Africa, which ranked the country among the six most populated on the African continent. The largest inhabited provinces were Gauteng (its capital city is Johannesburg) and KwaZulu-Natal (capital city Pietermaritzburg) with roughly 15.9 million and 11.7 million residents respectively. Cape Town, Durban, and Johannesburg were the cities with the largest communities, with close to 3.4 million, 3.1 million, and two million citizens. Moreover, the majority of the nation's population was Black Africans, while the smallest ethnic group were individuals with Indian or Asian backgrounds.
A constrictive population pyramid
The average life expectancy on the African continent was 64 years for women and 61 years for men in 2022. There were more women in the country than men. As of 2021, the fertility rate in South Africa was 2.37 children per woman, however, this was declining since 2019. The infant mortality rate was also dropping, another indicator for improved health care. The leading cause of death in the country was tuberculosis, followed by diabetes mellitus.
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