U.S. prevalence of birth defects due to Zika virus 2016-2017, by transmission area

For areas with widespread local transmission of the Zika virus in the U.S. the prevalence of birth defects potentially linked to Zika virus in the quarter of April to June 2017 amounted to 2 birth defects per 1,000 live births. The statistic illustrates the prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection during pregnancy in the U.S. between 2016 and 2017, by transmission area and quarter.

Prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection during pregnancy in the U.S. between 2016 and 2017, by transmission area and quarter (per 1,000 live births)*

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Sources

Release date

January 2020

Region

United States

Survey time period

January 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017

Supplementary notes

22 U.S. jurisdictions included births that occurred in California (selected counties), Florida (selected southern counties), Georgia (selected metropolitan Atlanta counties), Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York (excluding New York City residents), North Carolina (selected regions), Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas (Public Health Regions 10, 11), the U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia.

* Fetuses and infants included those with 1) brain abnormalities and/or microcephaly or 2) eye abnormalities without mention of a brain abnormality included in the brain abnormalities and/or microcephaly category

** Jurisdictions with widespread local transmission of Zika virus during 2016–2017 included Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Total live births for areas with widespread local transmission = 42,358.

*** Jurisdictions with limited local transmission of Zika virus during 2016–2017 included southern Florida counties and Texas Public Health Region 11. Total live births for areas with limited local transmission = 156,613.

^ Jurisdictions without local transmission of Zika virus during 2016–2017 included California (selected counties), Georgia (selected metropolitan Atlanta counties), Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York (excluding New York City residents), North Carolina (selected regions), Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas Public Health Region 10, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia. Total live births for areas without local transmission = 1,805,659.

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