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U.S. per capita energy consumption index 2000-2017

The index score of per capita energy consumption in the United States stood at 0.9 in 2017, compared with a baseline of 1 in 2005. Energy demand per person in the United States declined largely due to an increase in appliance and vehicle efficiency standards. The per capita energy consumption varies widely across the United States with Louisiana being one of the highest per capita consumers of energy. Primary energy consumption per capita in the United States totaled 309 million British thermal units in 2018. Over the last decades, energy consumption also tended to decrease during times of economic recession. Energy intensity can act as an indicator of how closely energy consumption is linked to the economy.

Energy consumption in the U.S.

There are five sectors in the United States that consume energy, including the industrial sector, transportation sector, residential sector, commercial sector, and electric power sector. These sectors consume primary energy, which is the energy form that has been directly harvested from natural resources. Energy consumption in the United States has not grown as quickly as expected, perhaps due to shifting to offshore manufacturing centers as well as technological advancements.

Per capita energy consumption index score in the U.S. from 2000 to 2017*

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Release date

September 2016


United States

Survey time period

2000 to 2013

Supplementary notes

* 2005 was used as the base year; the figures for 2014 through 2017 are projections.

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