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Renewable energy in Spain - statistics & facts

The use of renewable energy is expected to grow rapidly in the next few years. With the aim of achieving climate neutrality by 2050, the Spanish energy sector is undergoing a rapid transition. For instance, the renewable auctions planned by the Spanish government will award at least 2.9 gigawatts of renewable energy per year to interested parties until 2025. It is estimated that by 2030, the total renewable capacity will amount to more than 120 gigawatts. In 2020, the total consumption of renewables in Spain amounted to around 0.77 exajoules.

Use of renewables by sector

The latest reports point to approximately 65 percent of the renewable energy produced in Spain being used in electricity generation, while the transportation and the heating and cooling sectors hold a share of 10 and 25 percent, respectively. With regards to electricity, renewable generation reached a share of 44 percent in 2020. Furthermore, in 2019, the renewable power capacity installed exceeded that of non-renewable for the first time. As of 2020, the renewable capacity installed in the country reached 55.3 gigawatts, around 54 percent of the country's total electrical power capacity.

Renewable generation technologies

Hydropower has traditionally been the main resource of renewable energy in Spain. In 2009, however, this technology was surpassed by wind power, which has ranked first ever since and held a share of approximately 50 percent of renewable generation in 2020. Additionally, solar energy has registered record-breaking values in recent years, with photvoltaic and thermal generation reaching about 15.3 thousand and 4.5 terawatts per hour, respectively. Other renewable technologies used in the country include waste, biogas, marine, or geothermal energy. These, however, accounted for less than five percent of the total renewable generation in 2020.

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