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Energy sector in Spain - statistics & facts

Spain has been historically characterized by its scarcity of energy resources, especially fossil fuels. As a result, it relies significantly on external energy sources. According to the latest Eurostat data, the dependency rate on energy imports was almost 75% in 2019. This means that the country imported three-quarters of the total primary energy consumed, while only 25% came from domestic energy sources. Despite the renewable energy boom, hydrocarbons remain vital to the country's economy. Natural gas and petroleum represented approximately 70 percent of the primary energy consumption. Regarding the final energy consumption, petroleum products had a share of 51.5 percent, whereas electrical energy stood at 23.4 percent.

Electricity sector

In 2020, the consumption of electricity in Spain stood slightly below 250 terawatt hours. This represents a decrease of more than five percent in comparison with the previous year, a result that can be attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic. With regard to the electricity mix, nuclear power plants were responsible for 22.2 percent of the total generation in 2020 and are closely followed by wind energy sources with 21.9 percent. In fact, wind energy was the generation technology that had the largest power capacity in the country, with more than 27 gigawatts installed.

Renewable energy

Renewable energy consumption in Spain reached 0.75 exajoules in 2019, with primary solid biofuels being the most consumed renewable resource. Moreover, the electricity generated with renewable-clean energy sources exceeded 40% of the total production in 2020. Of these sources, wind energy had a share of practically 50 percent, although solar photovoltaic energy has been the fastest-growing technology. In 2020, the installed photovoltaic capacity rose to 11.6 gigawatts, 6.8 gigawatts more than in 2018. At a regional level, Castille and Leon is the leading autonomous community in the production of clean energy in Spain.

Nuclear energy

Currently, there are five active nuclear power plants in Spain. In 2020, its seven working reactors generated almost 56 TWh. The Cofrentes (Valencia) and Vandellós II (Tarragona) reactors generated around 9.2 TWh each. At the end of 2018, the amount of irradiated uranium stored in Spanish nuclear power plants amounted to approximately five thousand tons, while the amount of solid nuclear waste generated stood at 457 cubic meters.

Fossil fuels

The use of fossil fuel energy in Spain is decreasing in favor of cleaner alternatives. In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, all coal mines were closed at the end of 2018, and coal-fired power plants will be phased out in the next few years. In any case, electricity generated with coal represented only two percent in 2020. On the other hand, the consumption of natural gas and petroleum products slightly increased between 2014 and 2019. In 2020, however, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a significant drop in consumption was registered.

Interesting statistics

In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 47 most important statistics relating to "Energy sector in Spain".

Energy sector in Spain

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Energy sector in Spain - statistics & facts

Spain has been historically characterized by its scarcity of energy resources, especially fossil fuels. As a result, it relies significantly on external energy sources. According to the latest Eurostat data, the dependency rate on energy imports was almost 75% in 2019. This means that the country imported three-quarters of the total primary energy consumed, while only 25% came from domestic energy sources. Despite the renewable energy boom, hydrocarbons remain vital to the country's economy. Natural gas and petroleum represented approximately 70 percent of the primary energy consumption. Regarding the final energy consumption, petroleum products had a share of 51.5 percent, whereas electrical energy stood at 23.4 percent.

Electricity sector

In 2020, the consumption of electricity in Spain stood slightly below 250 terawatt hours. This represents a decrease of more than five percent in comparison with the previous year, a result that can be attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic. With regard to the electricity mix, nuclear power plants were responsible for 22.2 percent of the total generation in 2020 and are closely followed by wind energy sources with 21.9 percent. In fact, wind energy was the generation technology that had the largest power capacity in the country, with more than 27 gigawatts installed.

Renewable energy

Renewable energy consumption in Spain reached 0.75 exajoules in 2019, with primary solid biofuels being the most consumed renewable resource. Moreover, the electricity generated with renewable-clean energy sources exceeded 40% of the total production in 2020. Of these sources, wind energy had a share of practically 50 percent, although solar photovoltaic energy has been the fastest-growing technology. In 2020, the installed photovoltaic capacity rose to 11.6 gigawatts, 6.8 gigawatts more than in 2018. At a regional level, Castille and Leon is the leading autonomous community in the production of clean energy in Spain.

Nuclear energy

Currently, there are five active nuclear power plants in Spain. In 2020, its seven working reactors generated almost 56 TWh. The Cofrentes (Valencia) and Vandellós II (Tarragona) reactors generated around 9.2 TWh each. At the end of 2018, the amount of irradiated uranium stored in Spanish nuclear power plants amounted to approximately five thousand tons, while the amount of solid nuclear waste generated stood at 457 cubic meters.

Fossil fuels

The use of fossil fuel energy in Spain is decreasing in favor of cleaner alternatives. In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, all coal mines were closed at the end of 2018, and coal-fired power plants will be phased out in the next few years. In any case, electricity generated with coal represented only two percent in 2020. On the other hand, the consumption of natural gas and petroleum products slightly increased between 2014 and 2019. In 2020, however, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a significant drop in consumption was registered.

Interesting statistics

In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 47 most important statistics relating to "Energy sector in Spain".

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