Monthly Consumer Price Index of all urban consumers in the U.S. December 2019

This statistic shows the consumer price index for urban consumers in the United States from December 2018 to December 2019. The data represents U.S. city averages. The base period was 1982-84=100. The CPI is defined by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics as "a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services". In December 2019, the unadjusted CPI amounted to about 256.97.

The annual consumer price index for urban consumers in the U.S. can be accessed here.

Consumer Price Index

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) began in 1919 under the Bureau of Labor Statistics and is published every month. The CPI for all urban consumers includes urban households in Metropolitan Statistical Areas and regions with over 2,500 inhabitants, as well as non-farm consumers living in rural regions. This index was established in 1978 and includes about 80 percent of the U.S. population. The monthly CPI of urban consumers in the United States increased from 251.23 in December 2018 to 256.97 in December 2019. For these consumers, CPI can also differ between regions, with a high of 265.14 in the Northeastern region as of 2018.

The CPI in the United States has increased steadily over the past two decades from 140.3 in 1992 to 251.11 in 2018. A forecast of the CPI expects this positive trend to continue, reaching 287.51 by 2024. As of November 2019, the CPI of the nation’s education had increased by 2.2 percent. In November 2019, costs of recreation, rent, housing, medical care, and food and beverages had increased, but prices for apparel, personal computers and gasoline had decreased. Comparatively, the CPI in Hong Kong reached 107 in 2018.

Monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) of all urban consumers in the U.S. from December 2018 to December 2019

Consumer Price Index (100 =1982-1984)
Dec '19256.97
Nov '19257.21
Oct '19257.35
Sep '19256.76
Aug '19256.56
Jul '19256.57
Jun '19256.14
May '19256.09
Apr '19255.55
Mar '19254.2
Feb '19252.78
Jan '19251.71
Dec '18251.23
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Source

Release date

January 2020

Region

United States

Survey time period

December 2018 to December 2019

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