12-month percentage of change in the U.S. CPI-U, by expenditure category 2020

This statistic shows the 12-month percentage of change in the consumer price index for urban consumers in the United States, by selected expenditure categories in January 2020. The data represents city averages in the United States. The defined base period is: 1982-84=100. CPI is defined by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics as "a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services". It is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. In January 2020, gasoline prices were around 12.8 percent higher than in January 2019.

The annual inflation rate in the U.S. since 1990 can be accessed here.

12-month percentage of change in the United States' Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) in January 2020, by expenditure category

12-month percentage of change
Gasoline (all types)12.8%
Medical care4.5%
Rent of primary residence3.8%
Fuel oil and other fuels3.1%
Other services2.4%
Food and beverages1.7%
Energy services (electricity)0.5%
Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices-5.8%
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Release date

February 2020


United States

Survey time period

January 2020

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