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CO2 emissions in Canada 1995-2019

Canada’s carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel and cement production totaled 577 million metric tons in 2019. This was a slight decrease compared to the previous year, but significantly higher when compared to the 494 million metric tons emitted in 1995.

Energy related emissions

A large percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions are derived from the production and consumption of energy. In Canada, energy-related emissions account for an even higher share of total emissions due to extreme temperatures, large land area, and dispersed populations. Energy sector greenhouse gas emissions in Canada amount to roughly 600 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent each year. Oil and gas sector emissions in Canada were almost 200 million metric tons in 2018.

Which Canadian province is the largest GHG emitter?

Alberta is the largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. Oil production in Alberta contributes to the province’s high emission levels, especially under periods of increased oil sands production. However, technological and efficiency improvements have helped reduce the oil sands emissions per barrel.

Territorial CO2 emissions in Canada from fossil fuel and cement production from 1995 to 2019*

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Release date

December 2020



Survey time period

1995 to 2019

Supplementary notes

*Original data have been converted from million metric tons of carbon to units of carbon dioxide by multiplying by 3.664.
The values have been rounded.

Based on Global Carbon Budget data.

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