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Global energy consumption by energy source 1990-2040

Global energy consumption has increased dramatically in recent years and is projected to continue to increase. By 2050 renewable energy consumption is expected to increase and will reach about 161 exajoules. In comparison, the total renewable energy consumption totaled three exajoules in 2000.

Energy Consumption

The distribution of energy consumption globally is disproportionately high among some countries. In 2017, China, the U.S., and India were the largest consumers of primary energy globally. On a per capita basis, however, the data looks a bit different. As of 2015, Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait were among the countries with the highest per capita energy consumption.

Spotlight: Renewable Energy Consumption

Renewable energy includes solar energy, wind power, hydroelectric energy, biomass and geothermal power, to name a few. Over the last 20 years or so renewable energy consumption has increased dramatically. Recent data suggests that renewable energy is growing as a share of the primary energy consumption worldwide. Among all countries globally, China has installed the most renewable energy capacity as of 2018.

Energy consumption worldwide from 2000 to 2018, with a forecast until 2050*

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Release date

September 2020



Survey time period

Forecast: 2000 to 2050

Supplementary notes

* According to the source, projections were made based on a 'business as usual' scenario.

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Statistics on "Energy consumption in the U.S."

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