Projected global energy consumption from 1990 to 2040, by energy source (in million metric tons of oil equivalent)

World energy consumption by energy source 1990-2040 This statistic shows projected global energy consumption between 1990 and 2040, by energy source. It is estimated that global energy consumption from renewable sources will be around 2.5 billion metric tons of oil equivalent in 2040.
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HydroelectricityNuclear energyRenewable energy**Natural gasTotal liquids*Coal
1990487.545335.021,767.443,152.52,246.41
1995562.3525.8744.781,919.643,287.882,249.91
2000601.1584.2859.022,181.723,579.582,384.72
2005660.8626.12130.682,499.193,914.913,134.29
2010778.7625.91234.112,874.254,021.413,635.64
2016910.3592.06501.883,204.144,335.943,732
20201,014.7673.65794.053,534.254,563.943,697.04
20251,105.2674.781,154.633,860.514,750.963,828.69
20301,159.9772.131,551.894,148.34,863.893,821.24
20351,199829.982,006.274,426.144,897.413,801.33
20401,241.1911.672,526.994,706.514,835.583,761.6
HydroelectricityNuclear energyRenewable energy**Natural gasTotal liquids*Coal
1990487.545335.021,767.443,152.52,246.41
1995562.3525.8744.781,919.643,287.882,249.91
2000601.1584.2859.022,181.723,579.582,384.72
2005660.8626.12130.682,499.193,914.913,134.29
2010778.7625.91234.112,874.254,021.413,635.64
2016910.3592.06501.883,204.144,335.943,732
20201,014.7673.65794.053,534.254,563.943,697.04
20251,105.2674.781,154.633,860.514,750.963,828.69
20301,159.9772.131,551.894,148.34,863.893,821.24
20351,199829.982,006.274,426.144,897.413,801.33
20401,241.1911.672,526.994,706.514,835.583,761.6
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Description Source More information
This statistic shows projected global energy consumption between 1990 and 2040, by energy source. It is estimated that global energy consumption from renewable sources will be around 2.5 billion metric tons of oil equivalent in 2040.
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Release date
February 2018
Region
Worldwide
Survey time period
1990 to 2016
Supplementary notes
* Includes oil, biofuels, gas-to-liquids and coal-to-liquids.
** Includes wind power, solar electricity and other renewables.

Figures from 2020 and onwards are projections. According to the source, projections were made based on a ‘base case’ scenario, reflecting the source's 'to the best of their knowledge’ assessment of the world’s likely path from today’s vantage point.

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