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Renewable energy - consumption worldwide 2000-2019

Global consumption of renewable energy has increased significantly over the last two decades. Consumption levels reached 29 exajoules in 2019. Despite its rapid growth, renewable energy consumption still remains far below that of coal, natural gas, oil and other energy technologies. About half of final renewable energy consumption worldwide is derived from modern bioenergy sources, however, solar photovoltaics has dominated capacity growth in recent years.

Renewable future

The growth of renewable energy has been largely due to reduction in technology costs. However, in order to reach a secure, sustainable, and economically feasible energy system, global governments must implement policies to encourage and support renewable energy sources. Investment into renewables and a market design to reliably integrate renewables into modern infrastructure is necessary for successful implementation. Using clean energy technologies along with energy efficiency solutions will be key to reducing global greenhouse gas emissions through technological means.

World renewable energy consumption from 2000 to 2019

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

2000 to 2019

Supplementary notes

*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. “Input-equivalent” energy is the amount of fuel that would be required by thermal power stations to generate the reported electricity output.
The figures prior to 2008 were taken from a previous edition of the publication.

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Statistics on "Bioenergy"

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