Renewable energy - consumption worldwide 1998-2018

Global consumption of renewable energy has increased significantly over the last decades. Consumption levels reached 561.3 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018. Despite its rapid growth, renewable energy capacity still remain far below that of coal, natural gas, oil, and other energy technologies. About half of final renewable energy consumption worldwide is derived from modern bioenergy sources, however, solar photovoltaics has dominated capacity growth in recent years. Renewables have also experienced the fastest growth in the electricity sector and have the lowest contribution to the transportation sector, coming mostly from biofuels.

Renewable future

The growth of renewable energy has been largely due to reduction in technology costs. However, in order to reach a secure, sustainable, and economically feasible energy system, global governments must implement policies to encourage and support renewable energy sources. Investment into renewables and a market design to reliably integrate renewables into modern infrastructure is necessary for successful implementation. Using clean energy technologies along with energy efficiency solutions will be key to reducing global greenhouse gas emissions through technological means.

World renewable energy consumption from 1998 to 2018

Consumption in million metric tons of oil equivalent
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Source

Release date

June 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

1998 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38 percent conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
The figures prior to 2008 were taken from a previous edition of the publication.

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Statistics on "Renewable energy industry worldwide"

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