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Global energy consumption - statistics & facts

Global energy consumption is defined as the total energy used by households and industry sectors from around the world. Disparity between countries in the amount of per capita energy consumption typically reflects income level or climate. However, large differences exist in terms of energy consumption between some of the most developed economies, largely due to the differences in attitudes towards implementing energy efficiency measures. Japan and Germany, for example, consume far less energy per capita than the United States. The Asia and Pacific region has the highest primary energy consumption of any region. With a fast-growing economy and population of over a billion, China is currently the largest primary energy consumer.

Most consumed fuel types

The share of coal in global fuel consumption has been on the decline, while natural gas shares considerably increased. Following the Fukushima disaster, nuclear energy consumption worldwide experienced a slight slump between 2010 and 2012 but has been on a steady rise. This is largely due to new additions in countries such as China. The world renewable energy consumption has also grown three-fold in the past decade. This is partially the result of greater efforts by governments hoping to assuage climate change.

Growth in electricity consumption

World power consumption has grown to over 23,000 terawatt hours in light of strong economic performance by BRIC countries and the championing of electrification. Electrification allows for the use of renewables (and consequently zero-emission energy sources) in sectors such as transportation that are otherwise heavily reliant on fossil fuels. China currently has the highest electricity consumption of any country worldwide.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 26 most important statistics relating to "Global energy consumption".


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