Smartphone OS - additional information
The first mobile computer devices were developed more or less at the same time as the first desktop computers in the late 1980s and early 1990s in the United States. However, such products as palm pilots and early smartphones were not introduced to the mass market until the late 2000s. Initially, their high price and functions like email, calendar and note-taking, made them more appealing to businesspeople and companies. The launch of Apple’s iPhone in 2007, along with the company’s mobile operating system, the iOS, made smartphones more appealing and accessible for consumers. Today’s smartphones are used for staying in contact with friends, for taking pictures, playing games, listening to music, accessing the internet and everything in-between.
The early days of smartphones and other mobile computers were also prolific in terms of operating systems, with many tech companies, such as IBM, Windows and Nokia developing mobile operating systems. One of the first mobile OS prototypes, unveiled in 1996, was the Windows CE, later known as Windows Embedded Compact. Since then, Microsoft has launched many different versions of a mobile OS, including the PocketPC 2000, later renamed Windows Mobile (unveiled in 2000), and Windows Phone, launched in 2010. Another major player of the early mobile operating system market was Symbian, which in 2007 was leading with a 63 percent share of the global market.
The undisputed leader of the operating system market in terms of smartphone sales is currently Google’s Android. As of the fourth quarter of 2015, more than 80 percent of smartphones sold to end users used the Android OS. Furthermore, the company’s popularity is expected to increase up to a 84.6 percent share of the overall smartphone OS market by 2020.