Biomass energy - power plant capacity worldwide 2018

Biomass power plants in the United States has the largest capacity in the world at 16.7 gigawatts in 2018. The global capacity of biomass plants totaled 130 gigawatts.

Biomass demand

Bioenergy is one of the largest contributors to renewable energy demand – traditional biomass use in developing countries and more modern uses for biomass account for a large part of bioenergy consumption. Although fossil fuels remain the primary source for heating, the combustion of biomass acts as a renewable heating source. Traditional use of biomass occurs when wood biomass or charcoal, as well as dung and agricultural residues are burned in simple devices.

Modern biomass combustion plant

As seen in the traditional combustion of biomass for heat, modern uses of biomass can be complex due to the nature of the materials used. Some biomass requires pre-treatment before being burned. The heat from the combustion is used to fire the boiler, generating hot water or steam, which turns a turbine that produces electricity.

Capacity of biomass power plants in selected countries and worldwide in 2018

Capacity in gigawatts
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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period


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Statistics on "Biomass and biofuels in the U.S."

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