Global cumulative installed capacity of wind power by country 2018

China is by far the largest installer of wind power capacity in the world, more than doubling the second-ranked United States. As of 2018, China had cumulatively installed over 216.87 gigawatts of wind energy, in comparison to 96.4 gigawatts of wind energy installed in the United States. Worldwide, cumulative capacity of installed wind energy reached 596.6 gigawatts in 2018, a generous increase over the last decades. The potential of wind energy around the world is immense, and wind power can often be accessed from remote places, as seen in the rise of offshore wind energy.

What is wind energy?

Electricity can be generated by harnessing the kinetic energy created by air in motion. Wind hits the blades, rotating the turbines that are connected to a generator, and shifts kinetic energy to rotational energy and eventually to electricity. This electricity is then transformed to meet the grid’s voltage levels. The amount of power that can be generated from wind turbines generally depends on the size of the turbines and length of the blades as well as wind speeds. Over the years, wind energy technologies have developed to accommodate much higher rated capacities and have grown in size to match.

Offshore wind

Offshore wind power refers to wind farms that stand within bodies of water, often in the ocean. These offshore wind speeds tend to be faster than on land and tend to be steadier, thus presenting a higher generation potential as well as more reliable energy source. However, offshore wind farms tend to be more expensive to build and maintain than onshore wind farms due to the difficulties of building robust turbines to withstand heavy winds and in deep ocean waters.

Cumulative installed capacity of wind power worldwide in 2018, by country (in megawatts)*

Cumulative installed capacity in megawatts
China216,870
United States96,363
Germany59,313
India**35,017
Spain23,494
United Kingdom20,743
France15,313
Brazil14,490
Canada12,816
Rest of the world102,138
Loading statistic...
You need to log in to download this statistic
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Source

Release date

2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2018

Supplementary notes

* Preliminary data.
** As of November 2018.

Open this statistic in...
Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.

Premium Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references

$59 / Month *

Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract.
   Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Global wind power"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.