Italy - primary energy consumption by fuel 2010-2018

In Italy, the primary energy consumption decreased between 2010 and 2018. In detail, the level of consumption gradually declined up until 2014. In the following years, the consumption increased, but it never reached the volumes recorded before 2014 again. Primary energy consumption describes the direct use of an energy source, without considering conversion or transformation processes.  

 Fossil fuels 

Natural gas and oil not only remained the main energy sources, but also experienced a growth trend between 2014 and 2018. More specifically, the role of natural gas became increasingly important in the Italian energy mix. As a matter of fact, in 2018, natural gas and oil consumption were almost equivalent.  

Renewable energy

On the other hand, the consumption of renewable energy sources peaked in 2014, reaching 14.8 million tons of oil equivalent, before slightly decreasing up to 2018. Also, the consumption of hydro sources declined. Among renewable sources, solar power accounted for the greatest installed capacity in 2018, and it is expected to remain predominant also in the future.

Primary energy consumption in Italy from 2010 to 2018, by fuel

OilNatural gasCoalNuclear energy *HydroRenewable energyTotal
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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period

2010 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* Data unavailable.
In this statistic, primary energy only includes the commercially traded fuels. Oil was measured in million metric tons, all other energy sources in million metric tons of oil equivalent.

Figures prior to 2017 are taken from previous editions of BP's statistical reviews.

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Statistics on "Energy efficiency in Italy"

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