India - primary energy consumption by fuel 2018 & 2019

In 2019, the most consumed type of energy fuel in India was coal, which amounted to some 18.62 exajoules consumed.

Importance of energy

The energy industry is one of the most crucial elements in a nation’s infrastructure. The development of the energy industry helps a nation grow their economy. Furthermore, it improves important facets such as technology, transportation, and medical help. Energy is essential to almost all global communities and is necessary for the functionality of all global industries.

Energy in India

India has a very diverse energy sector, which uses coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear energy, hydro energy, and renewable energy. Their use of electricity has exponentially increased over the last decades. Throughout 2017, India’s electricity production has remained somewhat steady from month to month. On the other hand, the amount of electricity that was generated every month from renewable sources in India has fluctuated. Renewable sources include solar energy, wind power, and tidal power. State-based grid management systems for electricity were first introduced in India in the 1960s. Since 1998, India’s coal consumption has significantly increased and it is one of the top coal producers in the world. Despite the increase in electricity access throughout India, many homes, especially in rural areas, remain without access.

Primary energy consumption in India in 2018 and 2019, by fuel

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

2018 to 2019

Supplementary notes

In this statistic, primary energy only includes the commercially traded fuels. Oil was measured in million metric tons, all other energy sources in million metric tons of oil equivalent.
Figures prior to 2017 are taken from previous editions of BP's statistical reviews.

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