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Population of Taiwan 1990-2030

In 2019, the total population of Taiwan grew to approximately 23.6 million people. According to national projections, population numbers are expected to enter a general declining path in 2020.

Taiwan's demographic development

Taiwan experienced rapid population growth in the 1950s and 60s, but alongside with economic development, growth rates decreased significantly. Falling birth figures have also been attributed to Taiwan’s family planning policy, which was aimed at keeping population growth at check. This led to a situation on the island where overall population density was very high and still growing, while the total fertility rate dropped quickly and eventually reached extremely low levels compared internationally. In the 21st century, the challenges of a quickly aging society became more and more apparent and the government initiated family friendly and birth promoting policies. However, fertility still kept on decreasing and reached a historical low in 2010 at 0.9 births per woman on average, and only in recent years has the number of births increased slightly.

Implications of an aging society

Today's Taiwan, like many East Asian societies, faces the challenges of a rapidly aging population. While the share of the population aged 65 and older accounted to only 12.5 percent in 2015, it is projected to reach 40 percent in 2060. The old-age dependency ratio, which denotes the relation of people of 65 years and above to the working-age population, is expected to reach around 78 percent in those years. This puts heavy pressure on the working people and the economy as a whole. However, compared to mainland China, which is in a very much comparable demographic situation, Taiwan enjoys the advantage of a relatively wealthy society, which helps to curb the negative economic effects of an aging population.

Total population of Taiwan from 1990 to 2019 with forecasts until 2030

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Release date

August 2020



Survey time period

1990 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Projections, calculated according to a medium variant.

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Statistics on "Taiwan"

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