Public expenditure in Sweden 2018, by function

The central government expenditure in Sweden generally increased from 2008 to 2018, with peaks in 2013 and 2018. The highest expenditure was in 2018, reaching around 992 billion Swedish kronor. The largest sum of this expenditure was for social protection, which amounted to around 356 billion Swedish kronor.

Social protection in Sweden

     The expenditure for social protection in 2017 composed 40 percent of the total public expenditure during that year. Social protection includes elderly care, healthcare, functional limitation care and childcare and other important services for society. The largest share of the expenses for social protection was for elderly care where costs equaled a proportion of 1.7 percent of gross domestic product in 2017.  

Government income

   The government’s largest source of income in 2017 was direct and indirect tax on labor. Whereas the direct tax on labor generated an income of 635.6 billion Swedish kronor, the indirect tax on labor generated 558.8 billion Swedish kronor.

Public expenditure in Sweden in 2018, by function

Expenditure in million SEK
Social protection356,259
Public administration259,994
Enterprise and economic development119,230
Public order and safety50,752
Health care48,541
Recreation, culture and religion11,368
Housing and community development9,206
Environmental protection8,408
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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

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