Unemployment rate in the Netherlands 2009-2019

In 2019, the unemployment rate in the Netherlands was just over four percent. Unemployment peaked in 2013 and 2014. At the height of the financial crisis, the annual unemployment rate in the country reached 8.9 and 9 percent respectively. After 2014, unemployment decreased again year on year. In 2019, nearly 350,000 Dutch were unemployed.

 Unemployment forecasts 

  According to a recent forecast, the unemployment rate in the country is expected rise again in the future. In 2020, the northern province of Groningen was forecast to have the highest unemployment rate, at nearly five percent. On the other side of the spectrum, in Zeeland the unemployment rate was predicted to be just three percent that year.

Long-term and short-term unemployment

  The majority of the unemployed in the Netherlands are looking for a new job for less than a year. At least one percent of the population between 2010 and 2017, however, was long-term unemployed. In 2017, just over 160,000 people had been unemployed for 12 months or more. Long-term unemployment peaked in 2015, at nearly 260,000.

Share of unemployed individuals of the total labor force in the Netherlands from 2009 to 2019

Share of individuals
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Release date

January 2020



Survey time period

2009 to 2019

Supplementary notes

The source defines the unemployed labour force (15-64 years old) as: "Persons who have accepted work for at least 12 hours a week, or willing to work at least 12 hours a week, who are available and actively seeking work for at least 12 hours a week."

Moreover, the source notes: "The unemployment rate is the unemployed labour force as a percentage of the total labour force."

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Statistics on "Job market in the Netherlands"

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