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EU direct investments in the U.S., by industry in 2019

This statistic shows the value of foreign direct investments from the European Union into the United States, by industry in 2019. European Union direct investments in the chemicals industry in the U.S. totaled over 488.21 billion U.S. dollars in 2019.

Foreign Direct Investments

Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) are investments made by a business or entity in one country into a company or entity based in another country. The investment can take the form of a physical investment, such as the construction of factories and supplying machinery, or a merger between two foreign companies. According to OECD, the most basic criterion for a foreign direct investment relationship is the investor owning 10 percent or more of the voting stock in the investee company and having control or significant influence on the management of the enterprise.

The advocates of foreign direct investments claim they help smaller companies in foreign markets tap into greater financial resources and help the economies of investee countries (developing countries in particular) grow through job creation and knowledge transfer. Critics of FDIs note that investors are drawn to markets with minimal regulations and cheap costs, exploiting environments that may be detrimental to the health and safety of the workers in investee companies.

In the case of direct investments between developed economies such as the European Union and the United States, investments made by EU based investors into the U.S. have increased by more than 300 percent since 2000 and U.S. investments into the EU have increased by over 500 percent during the same period. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) would seek to increase FDIs between the two economies even further.

Currently, many industries in the U.S. rely heavily on Foreign Direct Investments. For instance, 44.6 percent of employees in the motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts industry are attributable to FDIs.

European Union direct investments in the United States, by industry in 2019

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Release date



United States, EU

Survey time period


Age group

14-64 years

Supplementary notes

Data are classified by country of the foreign parent of the U.S. affiliate. The foreign parent is the first person outside the United States in a U.S. affiliate's ownership chain that has a direct investment in the affiliate. In addition to equity and debt investment from its foreign parent, a U.S. affiliate may receive loans from (or make loans to) foreign affiliates of the foreign parent (FAFPs). The affiliate may also have interest and services transactions with foreign affiliates of the foreign parent. The value of these loans and the interest and services transactions are included in these data and are classified by country of the FAFP.

Information for the the following industries has been suppressed by the source to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies:
Depository Institutions
Electrical equipment, appliances, and components
Other industries

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Statistics on "Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S."

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