EU direct investments in the U.S., by industry in 2017

European Union direct investments in the United States, by industry in 2017 (in billion U.S. dollars)

by Erin Duffin, last edited Apr 29, 2019
EU direct investments in the U.S., by industry in 2017 This statistic shows the value of foreign direct investments from the European Union into the United States, by industry in 2017. European Union direct investments in the chemicals industry in the U.S. totaled over 491.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2017.
Foreign Direct Investments

Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) are investments made by a business or entity in one country into a company or entity based in another country. The investment can take the form of a physical investment, such as the construction of factories and supplying machinery, or a merger between two foreign companies. According to OECD, the most basic criterion for a foreign direct investment relationship is the investor owning 10 percent or more of the voting stock in the investee company and having control or significant influence on the management of the enterprise.

The advocates of foreign direct investments claim they help smaller companies in foreign markets tap into greater financial resources and help the economies of investee countries (developing countries in particular) grow through job creation and knowledge transfer. Critics of FDIs note that investors are drawn to markets with minimal regulations and cheap costs, exploiting environments that may be detrimental to the health and safety of the workers in investee companies.

In the case of direct investments between developed economies such as the European Union and the United States, investments made by EU based investors into the U.S. have increased by more than 100 percent since 2000 and U.S. investments into the EU have increased by over 300 percent during the same period. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) would seek to increase FDIs between the two economies even further.

Currently, many industries in the U.S. rely heavily on Foreign Direct Investments. For instance, 44.6 percent of employees in the motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts industry are attributable to FDIs.
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European Union direct investments in the United States, by industry in 2017 (in billion U.S. dollars)

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