U.S. Trade - Statistics & Facts

As a massive consumer and a prodigious producer of merchandise, it comes as no surprise that the United States is a major player in international trade. In 2018, the United States ranked as the third largest global merchandise exporter, with a value of about 1.66 trillion U.S. dollars; which was 8.5 percent of the world's total export trade. The United States also ranked as the leading merchandise importing nation in the world that year as well, with a value that amounted to about 2.6 trillion U.S. dollars, or almost 17 percent of total import trade worldwide.

The overall value of both imports and exports to and from the United States has seen a steady increase between 2000 and 2018. One consistent trend in that time period is that there is a trade deficit of goods and a trade surplus of services from the United States. In other words, the United States exports fewer goods than it imports, and exports more services than it imports. The U.S. trade deficit was most prominent between 2005 and 2008 when it hovered between about 700 and 750 billion U.S. dollars per year, and amounted to about 620 billion U.S. dollars as of 2018. Although many manufactured products are imported to the United States, the United States exports a greater value of agricultural products than it imports.

In 2018, the United States imported about 539.5 billion dollars of goods from China, making China the biggest importer to the United States. Canada takes first place as the top export partner to the United States, importing nearly 300 billion U.S. dollars of American goods in that year. California is home to the largest domestic economy in the United States, producing a significant share of the country’s crops as well as intellectual property. As a result, California is one of the top importers and exporters of international goods in the United States. In July of 2019 California's import value of goods was about 35.9 billion U.S. dollars.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 28 most important statistics relating to "Trade in the U.S.".

Trade in the U.S.

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!

Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Trade in the U.S." and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Key Figures of U.S. International Trade

Overview of U.S. Goods Trade

Leading Goods Trade Partners with the U.S.

U.S. Trade by Selected States


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