In 2022/2023, the average winter temperature in Germany was 2.9 degrees Celsius. While that winter was less warm than the one preceding it at 3.3 degrees, it was part of a growing list of warmer winters in the country. Figures had increased noticeably compared to the 1960s.
Warmer in the winter
Everyone has a different perception of what actually makes a cold or warm winter, but the fact is that winter temperatures are, indeed, changing in Germany, and its 16 federal states are feeling it. Also in 2022/2023, Bremen and Hamburg in the north recorded the highest average figures at around 4 degrees each. The least warm states that year, so to speak, were Thuringia, Saxony, and Bavaria. The German National Meteorological Service (Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD), a federal office, monitors the weather in Germany.
Rising temperatures are a global concern, with climate change making itself known. While these developments may be influenced by natural events, human industrial activity has been another significant contributor for centuries now. Greenhouse gas emissions play a leading part in global warming. This leads to warmer seasons year-round and summer heat waves, as greenhouse gas emissions cause solar heat to remain in the Earth’s atmosphere. In fact, as of 2022, Germany recorded 17.3 days with a temperature of at least 30 degrees Celcius, which was more than three times the increase compared to 2021.
Average winter temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023
Figures from 1882 can be found in the Excel file available in the download section next to the graph.
Figures for years up to 2013 were taken from "Deutschland in Daten", which gathered and edited the information under the leadership of Dr. Thomas Rahlf. According to the source, the focus was on more than 1,000 time series regarding the environment, economy, society and culture for the 19th and 20th centuries. The numbers that were added after 2013 were retrieved from the German weather service.
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DWD. (February 27, 2023). Average winter temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023 (in Celsius) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved December 01, 2023, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/982807/average-winter-temperature-germany/
DWD. "Average winter temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023 (in Celsius) ." Chart. February 27, 2023. Statista. Accessed December 01, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/982807/average-winter-temperature-germany/
DWD. (2023). Average winter temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023 (in Celsius) . Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: December 01, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/982807/average-winter-temperature-germany/
DWD. "Average Winter Temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023 (in Celsius) ." Statista, Statista Inc., 27 Feb 2023, https://www.statista.com/statistics/982807/average-winter-temperature-germany/
DWD, Average winter temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023 (in Celsius) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/982807/average-winter-temperature-germany/ (last visited December 01, 2023)
Average winter temperature in Germany from 1960 to 2023 (in Celsius) [Graph], DWD, February 27, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/statistics/982807/average-winter-temperature-germany/