Millions of weather observations are recorded worldwide, and each weather station has precise scientific instruments to measure climate variables, including humidity, temperature, and precipitation. While the day-to-day state of the atmosphere and its short-time variations represents the weather, the atmosphere's behavior over relatively long periods of time constitute the climate of that place. In the last decades, anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have increased considerably, causing a warming effect in the atmosphere, and therefore affecting the balance of climate conditions leading to significant changes in weather patterns.
Natural disasters are adverse events caused by natural forces of the Earth that are sudden and cause widespread destruction. Of late, there have been frequent occurrences of heatwaves, floods, wildfires, and hurricanes worldwide, which have been linked to increasing average global temperatures.
Climate change is a major concern worldwide; while humans' collective effect has brought about various widespread, systematic changes, accelerated global warming caused by fossil fuel combustion is indisputable. Nevertheless, the extent of these effects is still not entirely understood by the general population. According to a 2022 survey, more than 4 out of 10 adults worldwide did not know how much the Earth had warmed, while 30 percent of people surveyed overestimated current global warming.
Major disasters fueled by weather and climate extremes bring about catastrophic damage to property and lives. Total economic losses caused by weather disasters have hovered around 200 billion U.S. dollars per year in the past decade. In 2021, losses amounted to almost 330 billion U.S. dollars, the second highest figure in the past decade after 2017, when more than 500 billion U.S. dollars in damages were reported.
Financial support towards energy transitions to fight global warming has increased with the recognition of environmental degradation and climate change. Many countries support technologies that help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions to accomplish the long-term goals towards sustainable development.
Developing countries located in the global south are getting hit the hardest by natural disasters. Most of the catastrophes reported are climate-related, and those regions will undoubtedly be receiving tougher challenges in the near future as global temperatures continue to rise. As of 2022, the Philippines was the country with the highest disaster index, followed by India and Indonesia.
The climate and weather category offers weather data both on a global and local scale along with data regarding climate change. Within this category Statista also provides information about natural catastrophes and the economic losses related to them. Additionally, survey data regarding global warming, sustainable living, and potential climate risks are covered.