Transport Infrastructure in China - Statistics & Facts


By the end of 2012, the total length of China’s roads amounted to 4,237,500 km, an increase of 240 percent from 2002. The network includes freeways totaling 96,200 km in length, a recorded growth of 380 percent in the last ten years. Village roads accounted for 48.7 percent of China’s total road system, while township roads made up around of 25.4 percent, and county roads maintained around 13 percent. The volume of road freight transport stood at 32 billion metric tons and a corresponding amount of about 5.95 trillion metric ton-kilometers.

The length of running railways reached 95,000 km as of 2012. The electrical rail network constituted around 51,000 km, whereas double tracked rail made up around 44,000 km, an 82.1 percent and 51.7 percent increase, respectively, from 2008. In 2012, railroads carried around 3.9 billion metric tons of cargo and 1.9 billion passengers.

In 2012, Civil Aviation Administration of China recorded 183 civil airports in the People’s Republic, offering 1,847 domestic and 443 international aviation routes. By the end of 2011, there were around 3,200 aircraft. Total volume of freight handled by airway amounted to 5.6 million metric tons as of 2011.

Urban public transportation
In 2012, 15 cities in China had a subway system, operating 69 subway lines of around 2,060 km. In comparison, there were 38,243 operating bus lanes of 5,256 km. The number of taxis increased to 1.3 million.

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