Transport infrastructure in China - Statistics & Facts

From 2009 to 2018, the total length of China’s roads has increased significantly by around one million kilometers. The network includes freeways totaling more than 142,000 kilometers, almost a double from 2010. In regards to types of roads, township roads have the longest length in the road system of China with over one million kilometers, while county roads maintained around 550,000 kilometers and provincial roads around 372,000 kilometers, with national roads having almost doubled from 2015 to 2016 and now remaining at around 363,000 kilometers. The volume of road freight transport stood at approximately 40 billion metric tons in 2018.

In terms of rail, Inner Mongolia is the region with the longest length of rail network in operation, which was almost double of any other region. In 2018, railroad cargo volume amounted to around four billion metric tons, where the train passenger transport volume steadily increased to over 1.4 trillion passenger kilometers.

Civil Aviation Administration of China recorded over 230 civil airports in the country from around 140 in the beginning of the 2000s, covering 3.6 million kilometers of international aviation routes. By the end of 2018, there were more than 6,000 civil aircrafts in China. Total volume of freight handled by airway amounted to 7.4 million metric tons as of 2018.

As for waterways, Yangtze river is the main river for inland water transport in China, with a total inland waterway length of 64,848 kilometers, which exceeded the total length of inland waterway of all the other rivers in China. Jiangsu has the longest length of navigable waterways in China, stretching over 24,000 kilometers. Meanwhile, Shandong is the region with the highest passenger transport capacity in Chinese waterways, with over 1.2 trillion passenger kilometers in 2018.

Throughout China, bus/trolleybus is the main type of public transport carrying almost 70 billion passengers annually, followed by taxi with around 35 billion, and then metro/subway with around 21 billion commuters. The number of taxis in cities exceeded 1.3 million in the last few years, while the subway system operated over 170 subway lines of a total length of over 5,000 kilometers.

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Transport infrastructure in China

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