Netherlands - Statistics & Facts
Statistics and facts on the Netherlands
The Netherlands is located in Western Europe on the North Sea. It is bordered by Germany and Belgium. The country’s name is quite appropriate as about one quarter of the Netherlands is below sea level. The Netherlands is known for famous artists such as Rembrandt, Vermeer, Van Gogh and Mondrian, and because of its long-time history as one of the most important maritime trading nations. In recent times, the Netherlands has also been a leading supporter of international cooperation.
The population of the Netherlands has been quite stable at around 17 million over the last decade, and around 90 percent of the population lives in urban areas. The fertility rate has only slightly changed, while population growth has experienced a slump since 2013. The average life expectancy of inhabitants is around 81 years, and the percentage of the population 65 years or older is growing, which proves a stable healthcare system and economy, but is placing higher demands on the welfare system.
The economy of the Netherlands is similar to that of the European Union as a whole. The rate of GDP growth in the Netherlands was negative during 2012 and 2013, but the economy was able to recover somewhat in 2014. GDP per capita, despite positive growth predictions for 2014, is expected to decrease slightly in 2015. However, due to negative and slow economic growth, the government has imposed austerity measures and has slightly reduced spending compared to revenue.
The economy of the Netherlands is largely based in services which compose almost a 71 percent share of GDP. Industry composes around a 15 percent share and agriculture composes the rest. Employment across the sectors has about the same distribution. The unemployment rate increased between 2012 and 2013, but it is expected to decrease slightly as the economy improves. Trade continues to play an important role for the Netherlands and the country has a positive trade balance which contributes to a stable economy. Imports and exports occurs predominantly with Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom and China. Overall, the Netherlands is experiencing slow economic growth but the economy remains stable.
Picture: istockphoto.com / scibak
- Number of tourists in the Netherlands 2011Number of tourists in the Netherlands 2011
Netherlands: Number of tourists from 2001 to 2011 (in 1,000)
- Import of services to the Netherlands 2014+Import of services to the Netherlands 2014
Netherlands: Import of services from 2004 to 2014 (in billion U.S. dollars)
- Export of services from the Netherlands 2013+Export of services from the Netherlands 2013
Netherlands: Export of services from 2003 to 2013 (in billion U.S. dollars)
- National debt of the Netherlands in relation to gross domestic product (GDP) 2020National debt of the Netherlands in relation to gross domestic product (GDP) 2020
Netherlands: National debt from 2010 to 2020 in relation to gross domestic product (GDP)
- Largest cities in the Netherlands 2011Largest cities in the Netherlands 2011
Netherlands: The largest urban settlements in 2011 (in residents)
- Netherlands: internet user penetration 2014-2017Netherlands: internet user penetration 2014-2017
Internet user penetration in the Netherlands from 2014 to 2017
- Leading export countries worldwide 2016Leading export countries worldwide 2016
- Leading import countries worldwide 2016Leading import countries worldwide 2016
- Globalization Index - top 50 countries 2017Globalization Index - top 50 countries 2017
- Yield on ten-year government bonds of selected countries 2017Yield on ten-year government bonds of selected countries 2017
- Leading countries in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index 2017Leading countries in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index 2017