United Kingdom - Statistics & Facts
Statistics and facts about the UK
The United Kingdom (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is a unitary state consisting of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system, in which the ultimate legislative power is held by the centralized Parliament of the United Kingdom. The monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, serves as head of state, but their function in the legislative process is merely ceremonial. Next to the central government of the UK, three of the four member countries, namely Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, have their own devolved national administrations. The three national administrations all consist of an executive body and a legislative institution with different levels of authority. Power is delegated to the devolved administrations by the central parliament and can theoretically be withdrawn or limited at any time.
As of today, the United Kingdom has a total population of around 65 million people. It is a permanent member of the United Nation’s Security Council and a major member of the European Union. The country’s currency is the British Pound Sterling as it opted not to become a member of the Euro zone. Currently, the UK is even considering leaving the EU for good; the so-called "Brexit" referendum took place at the end of June 2016.
After having been the world’s frontrunner in the industrialization process, the United Kingdom now has a highly developed economy that is largely reliant on service industries. The British economy is among the ten biggest in the world according to this 2016 GDP country ranking. In 2015, gross domestic product of the UK amounted to about 2.85 trillion U.S. dollars. The country was among the ten largest exporters in the world. The United States of America and Germany are the UK’s most important trading partners.
After 16 years of steady GDP growth, the UK’s economy was hit by the global financial crisis in 2008. After two years of contraction, it returned to its growth path in 2010. The crisis resulted in a two percent jump in the UK's unemployment rate which is predicted to decrease to around the 5.5 percentage, but has yet to return to its pre-recession level.
Since 1945, the United Kingdom has been subject to substantial immigration from areas that were formally tied to the British Empire. In 2010, the total number of immigrants in the UK came to seven million people. With the current situation in Syria, this number is expected to increase. The degree of ethnic diversity heavily varies across different areas of the United Kingdom and is especially high in metropolitan areas.
Photo: istockphoto.com / hronos7
|United Kingdom: Total population||65.11m||Details →|
|United Kingdom: Population growth (compared to previous year)||0.81%||Details →|
|United Kingdom: Life expectancy at birth||81yr||Details →|
|United Kingdom: Degree of urbanization||82.35%||Details →|
|United Kingdom: National debt||$2,311.66bn||Details →|
|United Kingdom: National debt in relation to gross domestic product (GDP)||88.17%||Details →|
|United Kingdom: Budget balance in relation to gross domestic product (GDP)||-5.62%||Details →|
- Unemployment rate in the United Kingdom 2020Unemployment rate in the United Kingdom 2020
Unemployment rate in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2020
- Life expectancy in the United Kingdom 2015Life expectancy in the United Kingdom 2015
United Kingdom: Life expectancy at birth from 2005 to 2015
- Population of the United Kingdom (UK) 2010 to 2020Population of the United Kingdom (UK) 2010 to 2020
Total population of the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2020 (in millions)
- Forecasted EUR GBP exchange rate profiles under different Brexit scenarios 2016-2019+Forecasted EUR GBP exchange rate profiles under different Brexit scenarios 2016-2019
Forecasted Euro (EUR) to Pound sterling (GBP) exchange rate profiles under Brexit referendum from 2016 to 2019*, by scenario
- EU 'Brexit' referendum results, by number of votes+EU 'Brexit' referendum results, by number of votes
Results of United Kingdom (UK) EU 'Brexit' referendum on June 23, 2016
- Selected EU national perceptions of Brexit's impact on the EU+Selected EU national perceptions of Brexit's impact on the EU
Is Brexit bad for the European Union?
- Weekend box office revenue in the United Kingdom (UK) February 17-19, 2017Weekend box office revenue in the United Kingdom (UK) February 17-19, 2017
- Monthly crude oil price average for UK Brent 2016-2017Monthly crude oil price average for UK Brent 2016-2017
- Monthly inflation rate in the United Kingdom January 2017Monthly inflation rate in the United Kingdom January 2017
- Monthly unemployment rate in the United Kingdom December 2016Monthly unemployment rate in the United Kingdom December 2016
- Unemployment rate of the United Kingdom 2000-2016Unemployment rate of the United Kingdom 2000-2016