Globally, Europe is second only to Asia Pacific in terms of installed wind power capacity, where at the end of 2018 the cumulative installed capacity reached 261,152 megawatts. On a nation-by-nation basis, China added more capacity than any other country during 2017, followed by the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom. The following year Germany and the United Kingdom’s newly installed capacity decreased to 3,374 megawatts and 1,407 megawatts respectively. Despite this decline, Germany still installed the largest capacity throughout the EU.
During 2017, wind energy was the most significant contributor to the renewable energy mix in Germany, making up 16 percent of renewable electricity generation. In the same year renewable energy sources made up 33 percent of the country’s overall energy mix.
In 2018, approximately 380 terawatts of electricity were generated by wind power. Of this total, Germany generated 111 terawatts, followed by the United Kingdom and Spain.
Wind power is an important source of energy throughout the EU. In 2017, this source overtook hydraulic power to become the most significant contributor to the region’s renewable energy mix, increasing to a share of 34 percent.