The wind energy industry in Europe dates back almost forty years, with the continent's first wind farm opening in 1982 on the Greek island of Kythnos. It had five turbines with a capacity of 20 kilowatts each. Almost 10 years later the world’s first offshore wind farm was erected off the coast of Denmark.
The industry has come a long way since then. Presently, the Fântânele-Cogealac wind farm in Romania is Europe’s largest onshore wind farm, comprising of 240 2.5 megawatt turbines. In comparison, the largest offshore wind farm in Europe, and the world, is the Walney Extension in the United Kingdom. It has a capacity of 659 megawatts and more than 200 turbines.
The total installed capacity in Europe has seen steady growth over the past decade and rose to almost 200 gigawatts by 2019. Germany has the highest installed capacity in Europe at more than 60 gigawatts, installing some 2,000 megawatts of new capacity in 2019.
Having experienced year-on-year growth over the past decade, 2019 saw electricity generation from wind power amount to 426 terawatt hours. With this visible increase in generation, the wind industry is now a significant contributor to the continent's energy mix and the most important renewable energy source, recently overtaking hydropower. Only nuclear power and natural gas generated more electricity than wind in 2019.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 22 most important statistics relating to "Wind energy in Europe".