Cardiovascular disease in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts
Cardiovascular disease includes diseases of the heart and blood vessel circulation. Included in this class of diseases are heart failure, rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, myocardial infarction and stroke. Ischemic heart disease and stroke were the leading causes of death worldwide in 2015, killing some 8.8 and 6.2 million people, respectively.
Heart disease was similarly the leading cause of death in the United States in 2015, however, the death rate from heart disease in the U.S. has decreased steadily since the 1950s, reaching a low of 167 deaths per 100,000 population in 2014. In that same year, coronary heart disease accounted for around 45 percent of all cardiovascular deaths followed by stroke and high blood pressure. Death from heart disease disproportionately affects older people and regional differences are clear in the U.S., with four of the five states with the highest death rates from heart disease found in the South.
The costs of cardiovascular disease to the United States are difficult to measure, but inarguably great. It was estimated that from 2012 to 2013, indirect costs from such disease, including lost productivity and mortality, reached around 126.4 billion U.S. dollars. Furthermore, the costs of various types of cardiovascular disease are expected to increase in the coming years. The cost of coronary heart disease, for example, is estimated to rise from 182 billion dollars in 2015 to around 322 billion in 2030.
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