Access to modern health care allows U.S. children health benefits not always available to children in less developed regions. For example, in 2016, around 91 percent of children aged 19 to 35 months had been vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). On the other hand, children in the U.S. are more susceptible to certain health problems than those in other countries. The rising prevalence of childhood obesity and its many adverse effects has continued to be a source of public health concern in the U.S., with close to 18 percent of children aged 6 to 11 reported to be obese. Furthermore, U.S. children are just as prone to accidental injury and in 2016, cosmetics or personal care products caused 138,904 pediatric poisonings, while poisoning from analgesics caused 11 pediatric deaths.
Having health insurance is vital for children to have access to the health care that they require, however, a large number of children in the U.S. remain without health insurance. Around one million children aged one to five years were uninsured in 2016, while 2.8 million of those aged 6 to 18 years had no insurance. The number of children enrolled in Medicaid is expected to grow in the coming years with an estimated 28.5 million children enrolled in 2018. The United States does not lack qualified pediatricians, but access barriers persist.