Hispanic Americans or Latino Americans are the second largest ethnic group in the United States and include those Americans who are descended from Spain, Portugal, or the Spanish or Portuguese-speaking countries of Latin America. The birth rate of Hispanics in the U.S. has decreased gradually since 1990 and reached a low of 14.6 births per 1,000 Hispanic population in 2019. In 2019, the leading cause of death for Hispanics was cancer, followed by heart disease and unintentional injury.
Access to health care and suitable health care professionals remains an issue for many Hispanics in the United States. As of 2019, there were 1.8 million Hispanic children in the U.S. who did not have health insurance. As they age Hispanic adults expect to rely heavily on Medicare, social security and Medicaid to cover the cost of their health needs, with only 31 percent planning on relying on personal savings or investments. Trouble communicating with health care providers because of language or cultural barriers remains a problem for some Hispanics, but the majority rarely or never experience such issues. In 2018, only four percent of Hispanic adults stated they often experienced language barriers when communicating with health care providers.
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