Hispanic Americans or Latino Americans are the second largest ethnic group in the United States and include those Americans who are descended from Spain, Portugal, or the Spanish or Portuguese-speaking countries of Latin America. The birth rate of Hispanics in the U.S. has decreased gradually since 1990 and reached a low of 14.8 births per 1,000 Hispanic population in 2018. In 2017, the leading cause of death for Hispanics was cancer, followed by heart disease and unintentional injury. A Statista survey from 2017 found that common health symptoms among Hispanics include back pain and muscle tension, headache, anxiety, and problems sleeping.
Concerning the mental health of Hispanics in the U.S., an estimated 16.9 percent of the Hispanic population suffered from some mental illness in the past year as of 2018, and 3.7 percent had serious thoughts of suicide. Stress is a common source of mental health issues among all ethnicities and relief activities and techniques are important to reduce and avoid stress and related health problems. A recent survey from Statista found that the most common activities used among Hispanics to relieve stress included listening to or playing music, watching TV, and going for a walk or gardening.
Access to health care and suitable health care professionals remains an issue for many Hispanics in the U.S. As of 2017, there were 1.5 million Hispanic children in the U.S. who did not have health insurance. As they age Hispanic adults expect to rely heavily on Medicare, social security and Medicaid to cover the cost of their health needs, with only 31 percent planning on relying on personal savings or investments. Trouble communicating with health care providers because of language or cultural barriers remains a problem for some Hispanics in the U.S., but the majority rarely or never experience such issues. In 2018, only four percent of Hispanic adults stated they often experienced language barriers when communicating with health care providers.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 28 most important statistics relating to "Hispanic health in the U.S.".