Trailing only Thailand, Indonesia has become the second largest producer of motor vehicles within the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region. Low labor costs and a low motorization rate have opened the door to an increasing number of car manufacturers, including Toyota, Nissan and General Motors. In terms of automotive production by vehicle type, the Indonesian automotive industry has developed a preference for sturdy 4x2 vehicles. In 2019, about 747 thousand regular 4x2 and about 245 thousand affordable energy saving 4x2 vehicles were produced in Indonesia.
A staggering 1.2 million vehicles were sold in Indonesia in 2013. In 2015, this figure dropped to around one million. This was largely due to a difficult economic environment, in which the per capita GDP fell to 3,369 U.S. dollars and the value of exported goods came to only 150.4 billion U.S. dollars. Since then, and even though Indonesia was able to increase their per capita GDP, the number of vehicles sold stabilized and reached about one million every year up to 2019. While commercial vehicle sales amounted to around 244 thousand units in the same year, around 799 thousand passenger vehicles were sold to Indonesian customers.
The Indonesian automobile market was dominated by Japanese car brands: Toyota was the leading passenger vehicle brand in Indonesia with car sales of 331 thousand units in 2019. There was only one non-Japanese car brand among the best-selling car manufacturers in Indonesia. The Chinese manufacturer Wuling launched their first car in early 2017 and made it in the top ten brands of cars sold with about 21 thousand vehicles sold in 2019. German brands were the pick of the crop in the luxury segment. Top models are shipped as finished automobiles (CBU - Completely Built Up), while other models are assembled on site. However, the market for them was small: BMW sold around 2,500 units in 2019, Volkswagen 350 units, and Audi 36 units.
The free trade agreement with neighboring Australia concluded in spring 2019 offers new opportunities for the automotive industry in Indonesia. The last local car manufacturer stopped its production in 2017 due to high prices for labor intensive industries. The country is now completely dependent on imports. With the free trade agreement, car manufacturers which have already settled in Indonesia can count on import tax reliefs in Australia.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 24 most important statistics relating to "Automotive Industry in Indonesia".