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Cambodia - Statistics & Facts

Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia, bordering Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. It has an estimated population of around 16 million people, which is expected to increase by more than 1 million by 2020. The capital, Phnom Penh, is one of the most populated cities in the Asia Pacific region. All in all, population figures in Cambodia are rising; although the fertility rate in the country is slowly decreasing, Cambodia is still among the countries with the highest fertility rates in Southeast Asian countries.

Despite the fact that Cambodia has accomplished to achieve an economic growth of over 7 percent until 2015, the country remains one of the poorest countries in Asia. Income inequality, the scarcity of food and water resources, and high rates of vector-borne diseases have influenced the regress of the fertility rate. In contrast, life expectancy at birth in Cambodia grew to 68.66 years in 2015, a remarkable increase of nearly 6 years from 2005.

The Kingdom of Cambodia is currently a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, divided into 24 provinces and 1 municipality. The official language spoken here is Khmer. Cambodia still recovers from the regime of the Khmer Rouge, who incarcerated, tortured and killed thousands of Cambodians, and aimed to establish an isolated communist country under their rule. Led by the infamous Pol Pot, they had killed a quarter of the country's population by 1979.

Being one of the poorest countries in Asia, and having low prices for most commodities, Cambodia is now one of the least expensive countries to visit and thus popular for tourists. The capital is among the most affordable cities for backpacking worldwide. Additionally, Phnom Penh also ranks high on the list for most affordable hotel rooms in Asian cities.

Evident in Cambodia reporting one of the highest rate of GDP growth rates worldwide, the country’s economy is continuing on an upward trend, with the services sector contributing the lion's share to the state's GDP. The most important import partner of Cambodia is China with a share of more than a third in all imports. The United States is the most important export partner for Cambodia, with a share of just over 20 percent in all exports.

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