Health infrastructureApart from the general health situation, there is an urgent need for a reform in the health infrastructure. In the first place, new hospitals have to be built. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health, the number of hospitals in the country amounted to 2,522 in 2021. This shows that there is only one hospital for every 100 thousand inhabitants. The number of hospital beds was also disproportionately low amounting to around 371 thousand. As for the number of medical doctors, the country recorded close to 142 thousand general practitioners in 2021.
Indonesia's healthcare is currently based mainly on the so-called Puskesmas (Pusat kesehatan masyarakat: Public healthcare center). These are health facilities where trained nurses provide the most necessary services, such as vaccinations, providing pregnant women with vitamin supplements or bandaging wounds. Doctors are only present at certain times. In 2019, there were about ten thousand functioning community health centers in the country. They are particularly found in poorer and remote regions or provinces where no hospital is available.