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Health in Indonesia - Statistics & Facts

Since the end of the 1970s, the basic healthcare strategy developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) has also been part of the government's health policy in Indonesia. Despite progress in some areas, the country still shows significant deficiencies in the healthcare for broad sections of the population. One key problem is the high number of poor people: hunger and malnutrition are just as much a part of everyday life for many people as inadequate access to clean drinking water, high environmental impact in big cities and unhygienic housing conditions.

Health infrastructure

Apart from the general health situation, there is an urgent need for a reform in the health infrastructure. In the first place, new hospitals have to be built. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health, the number of hospitals in the country amounted to 2,344 in 2019. This shows that there is only one hospital for every 100 thousand inhabitants. The number of hospital beds was also disproportionately low amounting to around 317 thousand. As for the number of medical doctors, the country recorded close to 144 thousand general practitioners in 2019.

Indonesia's healthcare is currently based mainly on the so-called Puskesmas (Pusat kesehatan masyarakat: Public healthcare center). These are health facilities where trained nurses provide the most necessary services, such as vaccinations, providing pregnant women with vitamin supplements or bandaging wounds. Doctors are only present at certain times. In 2019, there were about ten thousand functioning community health centers in the country. They are particularly found in poorer and remote regions or provinces where no hospital is available.

The Indonesian health system

In order to reduce the huge pent-up demand, the Indonesian government introduced a general health insurance in early 2015. In 2019, the national health insurance-Indonesian health card (JKN-KIS) covered approximately 224 million people. Additionally, the new health insurance system only provides a basic coverage, especially since the contribution rates are only a few euros per month. Consequently, anyone suffering from malaria, dengue or even tuberculosis cannot expect an optimal state-of-the-art treatment, although the increased number of dengue cases in recent years proved the necessity of a proper health system.


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