Besides health expenditure, Brazil is the nation with the highest number of hospitals in Latin America, and has one of the largest healthcare workforces in the region. In 2017, there were almost 415 thousand physicians in Brazil. The number of surgeons and other specialist surgical professionals averaged at 35 per one hundred thousand inhabitants as of 2016. Brazil particularly stood out among the countries with the highest number of plastic surgeons around the globe, ranking in second place with an estimated 6,400 plastic surgeons in 2018, only after the United States, where there were 7,000.
Yet, according to a recent survey, Brazilian health consumers were the most critical about the quality of healthcare provided in their country, in comparison to the other five largest health markets surveyed in Latin America. In that survey, up to 57 percent of respondents in Brazil stated the healthcare quality they received was poor, whereas only 15 percent of respondents in Argentina said the same. Another survey revealed that over two thirds of Brazilians thought the health system frequently let the patients down.
Being a country with a mostly tropical and subtropical climate, mosquito-borne diseases such as Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika continue to affect Brazilians. Almost 266 thousand probable Dengue virus infections were registered in the country in 2018, with the most affected regions being the Central-West and the Southeast. Regarding the Chikungunya virus, nearly 88 thousand probable infections were reported in 2018, and at least 34 deaths were suspected to have occurred due to this virus in the Northeastern states of Pernambuco and Rio Grande do Norte. Following the Zika virus outbreak and epidemic in 2015 and 2016, the number of probable Zika infections receded significantly in recent years. In 2018, less than 10 thousand probable cases were registered, after almost 18 thousand a year earlier.