Brazil - Statistics & Facts

With an area of approximately 8.5 million square kilometers, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. In 2016, the country had a population amounting to around 206 million people, a figure which continues to increase. Brazil’s largest cities are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador.

Brazil is also among the leading emerging countries, the so-called BRIC states (Brazil, Russia, India, and China). Its gross domestic product (GDP) amounted to almost 2.08 trillion U.S. dollars in 2017, not only making it one of the largest economies in the world, but also positioning it to displace Italy in the ranking. However, after years of high growth rates, economic growth in Brazil decreased to 0.5 percent in 2014, estimates even show a -3.6 percent contraction in 2016. Brazil's economic growth is not expected to return to previous heights before 2019. GDP per capita fell sharply due to the recent recession and is not expected to recover quickly. Still, it is on par the GDP per capita of other emerging economies.

Brazil’s unemployment rate has increased considerably in recent years. While fewer than 9 percent of Brazilians were unemployed in through most of the last decade, the unemployment rate jumped nearly five percentage points from 2015 to 2017, bringing it to 13.3 percent. However, 2017 also saw a five percentage point reduction in the inflation rate, bringing it down to a healthy 3.5 percent.

Brazil's exports are worth approximately 218 billion U.S. dollars, and imported goods are valued at about 158 billion U.S. dollars. It is thus neither a leading export nor a leading import country. Its most important export and import partners are China, the United States and Argentina.

Brazil’s national debt has increased over the last few years, projected to pass the 90 percent threshold in the near future. Additionally, the budget deficit increased significantly during the crisis, projected to remain larger than 7 percent of GDP for the foreseeable future.

Read more

Brazil - Important statistics

You may also be interested in these statistics

The whole topic in one document

Brazil
  • Edited and prepared
  • Download in PPT/PDF format
  • Instant access
  • From $365

The whole topic in one document

Brazil
  • Edited and prepared
  • Download in PPT/PDF format
  • Instant access
  • From $365

Top 150 Companies: South America

Statista Toplist
  • all top companies in a given industry or region
  • Includes contact details and key figures
  • available to download in Excel format for a seamless workflow

Top 100 Companies: Brazil

Statista Toplist
  • all top companies in a given industry or region
  • Includes contact details and key figures
  • available to download in Excel format for a seamless workflow

Brazil 2019

Statista Country Report
  • high-quality processing of all relevant country-specific data
  • including data on consumers and economy
  • available for 150 countries

Recommended statistics

Infographics on the topic

Brazil Infographic - Brazil Sees Worst Deforestation In A Decade
Lobbying for Slavery in BrazilPoll: Most Brazilians Want Lula Arrested

Infographics on the topic

Brazil Infographic - Brazil Sees Worst Deforestation In A Decade
Lobbying for Slavery in BrazilPoll: Most Brazilians Want Lula Arrested

More interesting topics from the industry "Brazil"

More interesting topics from the industry "Brazil"

About Statista

Learn more about how Statista can support your business.

Any more questions?

Any more questions?

Get in touch with us quickly and easily. We are happy to help!

Get in touch with us quickly and easily. We are happy to help!

Do you still have questions?

Feel free to contact us anytime using our contact form or visit our FAQ page.